An occupational disease is said to be an ailment or a condition that is brought about by work or occupational activities. The simple method which determines whether or not a certain condition can be classified as occupational involves an assessment to see if the ailment is indeed more common in a specified group of workers than a greater majority of the population. For example, if there was an epidemic of lung disease in a certain neighbourhood, it should be tested to see if those who have been contaminated have come into contact with a specific workplace for example before brushing it off as just a normal epidemic. These occupational diseases do not include other traumatic hazards such as falls or other injuries brought about by accidents in the workplace.
Lung disease is a simple example that can help clarify what an occupation disease is. It is no surprise that lung diseases are often prevalent in those who work in the mining industry. Whether a person is a miner who digs for special stones or elements or simply operates machines that go into these mining tunnels, all of them are more at risk of these lung diseases than the common population. The bad quality of the air that these workers are exposed to is a powerful factor that leads to such an occupational disease. On the other hand, workers from different industries would not be as exposed to these risks as they are in a different working environment.
Although the risks that bring about occupational disease are often related to the environment and the working conditions, it does not mean that employers and employees should just brush them off as parts of the trade. There are different rules and regulations that have been set up to make sure that the workplace is an environment that not only keeps the worker safe, but is also conducive for the growth and development of the workers.
Some of the simplest ways that these occupational diseases can be avoided are with the use of special uniforms and equipment that render the workers less prone to the risks that their environments pose. On top of this, organizations should also make a conscious effort by allocating a part of their funds or budget to ensuring the safety of all workers and individuals involved. It is also vital that there be safety management systems that will keep all risks at a minimal level.
It is also advised that employers always keep track of the health conditions of all their employees and personnel. At the first sign of any breakout or occupational disease that may be present, the management should then act accordingly to assess where the risks are and how to better manage and control them so that no further casualties are added. The act of preventing these occupational diseases is also important so that they do not spread out to more members of the community. At the same time, employees should also report if there are any health conditions that they are at risk to, or if they see any signs of these occupational hazards so that the issue may be addressed properly.