How to Treat Electric Shock Injuries

Every day, people deal with electricity and there will at least once in person’s lifetime that he or she could experience feeling an electric shock. The effect can range from mild to severe depending on the type of electric current, the level of the voltage, and how it travelled through the body. A person’s overall health condition is also a factor on what treatment that can be administered.

What happens if someone gets electrocuted? Accidents involving electricity can cause several different injuries, like burns and heart failure, but extreme cases can result to death. For everyone’s information, the body is a good conductor of electricity. If any part of your body receives an electric shock, electricity immediately flows to the tissues.

Possible scenarios that can cause electric shock injuries:

  • Faulty wiring
  • Damaged extension cords
  • Wet appliances
  • Downed power lines
  • Lightning

Symptoms to watch out for:

  • Burns, immediately visible on the entry and exit points
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Weak to cessation of pulse
  • Seizures
  • Respiratory failure
  • Numbness
  • Unconsciousness
  • Cardiac arrest

In milder cases, victims will not manifest the symptoms and might appear unhurt. However, complications might arise so a doctor’s consultation is necessary.

When there is someone in your house becomes a victim, the first thing you must do is to turn off the power supply. Do not attempt to touch the victim until the power supply has been disconnected. Be sure to distance from yourselves away wet areas in the house, like the bathroom.

It is important that first aid treatments are done while waiting for paramedics to arrive. Here are a few things to keep in mind:

  • Check for the victim’s breathing and circulation. You might need to perform CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) at once if the victim shows no signs of breathing and movement.
  • Prevent shock by making the victim lay down with the head slightly lower that than the body. It is also important to elevate the feet.
  • If the breathing becomes steady, attend to the victim’s injuries. Burns are common in electric shock injuries. Cool the burns down by running cool water on the area or areas for about 20 minutes. If you have available wound dressings, you can cover them up but make sure that the dressings you have will not stick to the burned skin. If you don’t have gauze dressings, some practitioners recommend cling wraps to cover the burns; these are same ones that you use in the kitchen, but do not wrap the skin too tight.
  • Most people are not aware that burnt ointment or cream should not be applied onto the affected areas.
  • If the victim fell off from a height, do not attempt to move him or her in case there the spine has been injured. When there is imminent danger that is the only time that you can move the victim.
  • Constantly talk to the victim to calm him or her while waiting for medical help.

You can never be too careful at home so take some precautionary measures like making sure that your electrical wirings were done by licensed electricians.